Further processing options

Resistance of bmr energy sorghum hybrids to sugarcane borer and fall armyworm

Bibliographic Details
Journal Title: Brazilian Journal of Biology
Authors and Corporations: Souza, C. S. F., Souza, B. H. S., Parrella, R. A. C., Simeone, M. L. F., Nascimento, P. T., França, J. C. O., Lima, P. F., Mendes, S. M.
In: Brazilian Journal of Biology, 84, 2024
Type of Resource: E-Article
Language: Undetermined
Abstract: <jats:p>Abstract The lower lignin content in plants species with energy potential results in easier cellulose breakdown, making glucose available for ethanol generation. However, higher lignin levels can increase resistance to insect attack. The objective of this work was to evaluate the susceptibility of a bmr-6 biomass sorghum (a mutant genotype with a lower concentration of lignin) to important pests of energy sorghum, Diatraea saccharalis and Spodoptera frugiperda. Experiments were performed in the laboratory and greenhouse to evaluate the development of these pests on the biomass sorghum bmr hybrids BR007, BR008, and TX635 and their respective conventional near-isogenic genotypes (without the bmr gene). The lignin content was higher in non-bmr hybrids, but the evaluated insect variables varied between treatments, not being consistent in just one hybrid or because it is bmr or not. The lowest survival of S. frugiperda was observed in the BR008 hybrid, both bmr and non-bmr. The S. frugiperda injury scores on plants in the greenhouse were high (&gt;7) in all treatments. For D. saccharalis, there was no difference in larval survival in the laboratory, but in the greenhouse, the BR007 hybrid, both bmr and non-bmr, provided greater survival. Due the need to diversify the energy matrix and the fact that greater susceptibility of the bmr hybrids to either pests was not found in this study, these results hold promise for cultivation of these biomass sorghum hybrids for the production of biofuels.</jats:p>
ISSN: 1678-4375
DOI: 10.1590/1519-6984.251883