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Foliar application of triacontanol ameliorates heat stress through regulation of the antioxidant def...

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Bibliographic Details
Journal Title: Brazilian Journal of Biology
Authors and Corporations: Faiz, H., Khan, O., Ali, I., Hussain, T., Haider, S. T., Siddique, T., Liaquat, M., Noor, A., Khan, R. W., Ashraf, S., Rashid, S., Noreen, A., Asghar, S., Anjum, Q. S.
In: Brazilian Journal of Biology, 84, 2024
Type of Resource: E-Article
Language: Undetermined
Abstract: <jats:p>Abstract Transplanting time and genotype contribute to improving crop yield and quality of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). A field experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of foliar applied of triacontanol (TRIA) and eggplant genotypes 25919, Nirala, 28389 and Pak-10927,transplanted on 1 March,15 March, and 1 April on exposure to high air temperature conditions. The experiment was performed according to Randomized Complete Block Design and the data was analyzed by using Tuckey,s test . The TRIA was applied at 10µM at flowering stage; distilled water was used as the control. Rate of photosynthesis and transpiration, stomatal conductance, water use efficiency, and effects on antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase) were evaluated. The 10µM TRIA increased photosynthesis rate and water use efficiency and yield was improved in all genotypes transplanted at the different dates. Foliar application of 10µM TRIA increased antioxidative enzyme activities (SOD, POD &amp; CAT) and improved physiological as well as biochemical attributes of eggplant genotypes exposed to high heat conditions. Highest activity of dismutase enzyme 5.41mg/1g FW was recorded in Nirala genotype in second transplantation. Whereas, lowest was noted in PAK-10927 (2.30mg/g FW). Maximum fruit yield was found in accession 25919 (1.725kg per plant) at 1st transplantation with Triacontanol, whereas accession PAK-10927 gave the lowest yield (0.285 kg per plant) at control treatment on 3rd transplantation. Genotype, transplanting date and application of TRIA improved growth, yield and quality attributes under of heat stress in eggplant.</jats:p>
ISSN: 1678-4375
DOI: 10.1590/1519-6984.253696